北京塞车

补齐扶贫短板,攻坚深度贫困——跑好全面建成小康社会“最后一公里”

5月,随着广西环江毛南族自治县退出贫困县序列,毛南族实现整族脱贫。越来越多的少数民族群众跨过贫困线,见证着“全面建成小康社会,一个民族都不能少”的历史承诺。

日前,习近平总书记在《求是》杂志发表的《关于全面建成小康社会补短板问题》重要文章中指出,全面建成小康社会牵涉方方面面,但补短板是硬任务。各地发展水平有差异,全面建成小康社会收官阶段的工作也应各有侧重。

贫困地区特别是深度贫困地区是全面建成小康社会的突出短板。如何补齐深度贫困地区短板,确保实现脱贫攻坚目标?如何巩固脱贫成果,增强发展的可持续性和贫困群众的获得感、幸福感、安全感?

查弱项 补短板

拿下最后的“山头”,攻下最后的“堡垒”

【案例】今年5月12日至14日,四川凉山州支尔莫乡阿土列尔村的84户贫困户,作为易地扶贫搬迁的受益群体,陆续搬进了位于县城集中安置点的新家。从此,他们走出了“悬崖村”,走向了新天地。5月14日,刚入住新房的村民拉博带着爱人去县医院做产检了。县医院就在新家对面,不过是100多米的路程。生活这么方便,这是以前住在山上的拉博想都不敢想的。

北京塞车luochada800mideshanya、12duan218jidetengti、qiquxianjundedaolu……atulieercun,shiyizuomingfuqishidexuanyashangdecunzhuang。rujin,84hujiandanglikapinkunhulikailetamenshidaijuzhudecunzhuang,liangshantuopinyoukenxiayikuai“yinggutou”。

北京塞车xingzouzaizheigebainiancunzhuangli,neixiebeisuiyuezhuofadehenjisuichukejian: neishi“sadouzi”yiyangsanluoshanjiandenihuangtufang,shijiangcunlitianjiandeyouganlan、qinghuajiaochuidedongdaoxiwaideshangudafeng,shicunminmenshidaizaixuanyashangxiadebashe,congyicengcengtengtiaomubangcuozaiyiqidetengti,dao6000gengangguanhanruxuanyade2556jigangti……

xiang“xuanyacun”zheiyangdebanqian,zhengzaiquanguoshangwei“tuomao”deshendupinkundiqujinxingzhe。dashanshenchu,dayingtuopingongjianzhanzhengzaijinxingzuihoudechongci。

北京塞车“cengjingyibukuaqiannian,erjinpaobubenxiaokang。”shuoqituopingongjian,sichuanliangshanyizuzizhizhourendachangweihuizhurendajiumujiaxinxinjianding,“jinnian,beijingsaichejiangsuodingmubiao、beishuiyizhan,jianjueyoulinaxiazuihoude‘shantou’、gongxiazuihoude‘baolei’。”

北京塞车zuowei“sanqusanzhou”shendupinkundiqu,liangshanzhoushibeijingsaicheguotuopingongjianzuinankende“yinggutou”zhiyi。jinnian,zheiyizhongguozuidadeyizujujuqujiangwanchengzuihou7gepinkunxianzhaimao、300gepinkuncuntuichu、17.8wanmingpinkunqunzhongtuopinderenwu。

北京塞车zaijinnianquanguolianghuishang,xijinpingzongshujizaiciqiangdiao,dao2020nianquebaobeijingsaicheguoxianxingbiaozhunxianongcunpinkunrenkoushixiantuopin、pinkunxianquanbuzhaimao、jiejuequyuxingzhengtipinkunwenti,shibeijingsaichedangduirenmin、duilishidezhengzhongchengnuo。muqian,quanguohaiyou52gepinkunxianweizhaimao、2707gepinkuncunweichulie、jiandanglikapinkunrenkouweiquanbutuopin。suirantongguoquxiangbizongliangbuda,dandoushipinzhongzhipin、kunzhongzhikun,shizuinankendeyinggutou。

北京塞车muqian,beijingsaicheguotuopingongjianqudejuedingxingchengjiu,jiezhi2019nianmo,xianxingbiaozhunxianongcunpinkunrenkoucong2012nianmode9899wanrenjianshaozhi551wanren,leijijianshao9348wanren,pinkunfashenglvcong2012niande10.2%xiajiangzhi0.6%。quanguo832gepinkunxianyizhaimao780ge,quyuxingzhengtipinkunjibendedaojiejue,“sanqusanzhou”shendupinkundiqupinkunfashenglvjiangzhi2%。

北京塞车raner,kenxia“yinggutou”,shixiantuopingongjianyoujuedingxingchengjiudaoquanmianshengli,haimianlinbushaokunnanhewenti,haixuyaofuchujiankunuli。

北京塞车“muqian,quanguohaiyou52gepinkunxianmeiyouzhaimao,2707gepinkuncunmeiyouchulie。you9geshengfenjiandanglikapinkunrenkouchaoguo10wan,9gedishizhouchaoguo5wan,39gexianchaoguo1wan,16gexianpinkunfashenglvchaoguo5%。‘sanbaozhang’tuchuwentisuiranjibenjiejuele,danwendingzhu、gongguhaohaiyoudalianggongzuoyaozuo。”guowuyuanfupinbanyouguanfuzerenzhichu,beijingsaichejiangzuohaoduiweizhaimaoxiancundeguapaiduzhan,zaituopingongjianzuihouyinian,nulibaduanbanbudezaizhashiyixie,bajichudadezailaokaoyixie。

促脱贫 防返贫

让脱贫攻坚的质量更高、成色更亮

【案例】盛夏,江西瑞金市叶坪乡黄沙村华屋小组贫困户华水林正在自家蔬菜大棚中忙碌着。2015年,华水林从村里租了4.5亩的蔬菜大棚发展蔬果种植产业,当年就实现盈利。在他的带动下,周边贫困户也纷纷加入到种植大棚蔬果的行列,脱贫致富的内生动力被大大激发出来。

北京塞车zaironghefazhanlinianzhiyinxia,xiandainongyefazhanhexiangcunlvyouchuancheng“chanyelian”。weimanzuxiaofeizhedexuqiu,ruijinshizaituijinlvyouchanyefazhanzhong,anzhao”yihongweizhu,yilvchenhong、honglvronghe”defazhansilu,dazaoxiangcunlvyoushifandian,buduantuijin“lvyou+xiandainongye”deronghefazhan,daidongpinkunhuzengshouzhifu。

5yue11rizhi12ri,xijinpingzongshujizaishanxikaochashiqiangdiao,“xiangqinmentuopinhou,beijingsaichezuiguanxindeshiruhegonggutuopin、fangzhifanpin,quebaoxiangqinmenchixuzengshouzhifu。”

jinnianyilai,xinguanfeiyanyiqingduiruqidayingtuopingongjianzhanzaochengxindeyalihetiaozhan,tuchubiaoxianzaipinkunlaodongliwaichuwugongshouzu,pinkunhushengchanjingyingshousun,zhucunbangfugongzuoshouxian,fupinlongtouqiye、fupinchejian、fupinxiangmufugongfuchanyanchi。

北京塞车“tuopinrenkouzhongyoudechanyejichubijiaoboruo,youdekejizhichengfali,youdexiaoshounan、zengchanbuzengshouwentikaishixianxian,youdejiuyeshouwaibuhuanjingyingxiang,wengangyalida,youdecunzaifanpinfengxian,tuopinchengguoxuyaojinyibugonggu。zuohaohouxufuchigongzuorenwugengjiajianju。”guowuyuanfupinbanyouguanfuzerenzhichu,muqian,quanguogedizai2019nianmopaijichushang,xinshibietuopinbuwendinghuheyouxinzhipinfengxiandebianyuanrenkou46.91wan,jiaoqunianmopaishujingzengjia19.16wanren。

zengshoudeguanjianzaijiuyefupin——gedichixutongchoutuijinyiqingfangkonghetuopingongjiangongzuo,gedifenfen“dianduidian”zuzhishuchulaodongli,cujinqunzhongwendingjiuye,pinkunlaodongliwaichuwugongrenshuyichaoguoqunian。

北京塞车jiezhi5yue31ri,25geshengfenyiwaichuwugongpinkunlaodongli2750.7wanren,zhanqunianwaichuwugongzongshude100.79%。52geguapaiduzhanxian2020nianyiwaichuwugong273.42wanren,zhanqunianwaichuwugongrenshubili107.45%。

zengshoudegenbenzaichanyefupin——fazhanfupinchanye,zhongzaiqunzhongshouyi,nanzaichixuwending。zaichanyefupinzhong,gedidalituiguang“longtouqiye+hezuoshe+pinkunnonghu+jidi”demoshi,wanshandaipinyipinjizhi,quanlitishengchanyefupindezuzhihua、guimohua、pinpaihuachengdu,yindizhiyi、yinhushice,youxiaotuixing“caidanshi”bangfu,zhalaotuopinzhifudechanyegenji。

zengshoudetupozaixiaofeifupin——gedinulikuodafupinchanpinderendinghexiaoshou,bingjiaqiangyudongbudiquhechengshi“cailanzi”“midaizi”gongchengbeijingsaichedejiehe,pojiefupinchanpinmainanwenti。guowuyuanfupinbanshujuxianshi,jiezhi5yuedi,zhongxibu22geshengfenyijingrending52190gefupinchanpin,sheji1532gexianhe19223gegongyingshang,quannianketigongshangpinjiazhizongliang4606.82yiyuan,xiaoshoujine482.56yiyuan。dongbu9shengshixiaofeifupinjine70.77yiyuan。

北京塞车zhuanjiazhichu,fangfanpinshiyixiangxitonggongcheng,bujinsixiangshangyaozhongshifangfanpindewenti,gengxuyaozaituopinzhaimaoyihoubuzhaizeren、buzhaizhengce、buzhaibangfu、buzhaijianguan,neng“fushangma、songyicheng”,jianli“fangfanpin、zuzhipin”zhangxiaojizhi,cainengquebaopinkunqunzhongtuopinbuzaidiaodui。

谋长远 蓄势能

拓展贫困户增收致富“新路子”

【案例】“自从村里修建了‘星空木屋’,游客明显多了,没想到北京塞车还能从中分红。”在扶贫项目贫困户分红大会上,四川省什邡市红白镇柿子坪村2组贫困户张云群笑得合不拢嘴。为提升贫困户的“造血”能力,“星空木屋”扶贫项目探索实行“党支部+公司+农户”的经营模式,以项目带动当地贫困户增收,实现了贫困群众全员参与分红。

北京塞车“fazhanxiangcunlvsechanyeshiranglvshuiqingshan‘liujintangyin’dezhongyaotujing,gengshijingzhunfupindezhongyaofangshi。”shenfangshifupinyiminjujuzhangliutianlongshuo,yaotongguojianliliyilianjiejizhi,rangpinkundiqudetudi、laodongli、zichan、ziranfengguangdengyaosuhuoqilai,rangziyuanbianzichan、zijinbiangujin、nongminbiangudong,cujinpinkunhuzhangxiaowendingzengshou。

hengliangquanmianxiaokangshehuijianchengyufou,jiyaokanlianghuazhibiao,yeyaochongfenkaolvrenminqunzhongdeshijishenghuozhuangtaihexianshihuodegan。

zhuanjiazhichu,tuopingongjianrenwuwanchenghou,yaoyixiaochujueduipinkunweixinqidian,zuohaotuopingongjianyuxiangcunzhenxingdexianjie。yaoanzhaochanyexingwang、shengtaiyiju、xiangfengwenming、zhiliyouxiao、shenghuofuyudezongyaoqiu,jiejiantuopingongjianjingyan,jianlijianquanzhichixiangcunzhenxingdezhengcetixi,tuidongtuopinzhaimaodiquzouxiangquanmianzhenxing、gongtongfuyu。

zengqiangqunzhongtuopinzhifudeneishengdongli、tishengpinkundiquzishen“zaoxue”nengli,shiquebaogaozhiliangtuopin、chixutuijinxiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedeguanjian。guizhoushengpanzhoushiyunixiangyanbocundangzhibushujiyuliufenjianyi,yaogenjupinkundiqudeyoushihetedianxuanhaozhifuchanye,zuohaochanyeguihua,xingchengguimoxiaoyi,bingqieyaozhongshipinpaidazao,“yifangmian,yikaotesechanyexingchengwanbeideshangzhongxiayouchanyelian,daidongpinkunhutuopinzhifu;lingyifangmian,yaozuodazuoqiangdifangpinpai,tishengchanpinfujiazhi,zengjiacunminhecunjitishouru”。

“buguanshizaituopingongjianzhonghaishizaiyiqingqijian,nongcundianshangzaijiejuenongchanpin‘mainan’zhongdoufahuilezhongyaozuoyong。”zhongguoshehuikexueyuannongcunfazhanyanjiusuosuozhangweihoukaizhichu,jinnianlaishuzixiangcunbeijingsaichekuaisutuijin,danchengxiangshuzihonggouyiranjiaoda。tajianyi,jiangnongyenongcunxinjijianfangzaigengjiatuchuweizhi,jinyibujiadaliduzhichishuzixiangcunbeijingsaiche。

“北京塞车既要实现全部脱贫,又要阻断致贫返贫,还要放眼长远,做好与乡村振兴战略对接。”河南省扶贫开发办公室主任史秉锐说,一方面,要紧盯“两不愁三保障”各项指标,对重点人群做好重点监测,对因病致残等缺乏劳动力的困难群众做好政策兜底,巩固好脱贫成果;另一方面,还要不断完善2020年后针对相对贫困地区的支持政策,增强政策的延续性和制度化,原有扶贫政策保持不变,支持力度不减,确保实现稳定脱贫不返贫,给这些地区预留出打造自身前进“引擎”的时间。(记者 李慧)

责任编辑: 吴必伦
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